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Astrophysicist Neil deGrasse Tyson has a history of aggravating third graders, but the group of students seemed friendly toward him Tuesday.
He still has the angry letters from about a decade ago, one written in red crayon from a third grader, about his declassification of Pluto as a planet.
A few minutes into his chat with the group of area students at Mississippi State University‚Äôs Raspet Flight Research Laboratory, Tyson still defended his decision to take away Pluto‚Äôs status as a planet by saying it was smaller than seven different moons. He added that Pluto has a ‚Äútail,‚ÄĚ making it more similar to a comet.
‚ÄúPluto is a nice fat comet in the solar system,‚ÄĚ the intergalactic authority said. ‚ÄúI think it‚Äôs very happy as king of the comets instead of puniest of the planets.‚ÄĚ
As if this Pluto business wasn‚Äôt enough, Tyson didn‚Äôt flinch while casually mentioning the globs of plasma from the sun headed toward earth.
‚ÄúIt will hit everything,‚ÄĚ Tyson said. ‚ÄúRunning will not help you, but your atmosphere will.‚ÄĚ
After relieving the students of this threat, he went on to explain how the sun plasma creates northern lights, a process involving bright light displays in the sky.
Tyson‚ÄĒhost of PBS‚Äôs ‚ÄúNOVA science NOW,‚ÄĚ director of the Hayden Planetarium in New York, and bestselling author‚ÄĒvisited the area to help inspire more people to take an interest in science. Sponsored by MSU‚Äôs Bagley College of Engineering, Tyson visited with elementary and middle school students before speaking to an estimated crowd of a few thousand at Humphrey Coliseum later in the evening.
Hearing about the sun spots headed for the earth, most students seemed interested in hearing more.
‚ÄúIs he serious?‚ÄĚ one student asked someone sitting next to her.
He went on to answer plenty of questions in rapid fire by the group of students. ‚ÄúDo you believe in the Big Bounce theory?‚ÄĚ one asked. ‚ÄúWhat do you know about the Sombrero galaxy?‚ÄĚ asked another.
A frequent guest on national news programs along with news comedy programs ‚ÄúThe Daily Show‚ÄĚ and ‚ÄúThe Colbert Report,‚ÄĚ Tyson defends the federal agency NASA during a time of record federal deficits and acknowledges the decline in influence by the United States in science and innovation. He sees support for science research as important for supporting curiosity in children.
‚ÄúThere‚Äôs no greater adventure than scientific discovery,‚ÄĚ he said after speaking to the students.
However, Tyson also defends science research as something necessary for financial strength.
‚ÄúIf you care about economic growth you must care about research and innovation,‚ÄĚ he said. ‚ÄúInnovation in science and technology drive the economic growth of our nation.‚ÄĚ
He noted that NASA research helped create technology to minimize electronic devices such as smart phones, Lasik surgery and other innovations.
Often cited for his ability to make complex scientific topics understandable and interesting to the general public, the New York City native with a Harvard degree and a doctorate from Columbia said science can help solve complex problems in an increasingly challenging world.
Residing four blocks from the World Trade Center, Tyson witnessed one of the greatest tragedies in U.S. history. When asked how science can help shape a post-9/11 world, he paused for a few seconds and answered.
‚ÄúScience can bring a level of rational discourse to an irrational world,‚ÄĚ he said.